ශ්රී ලංකාවට බාලදක්ෂ ව්යාපාරය හඳුන්වා දුන් ඉංග්රීසි ජාතික ෆ්රැන්සිස් ජෝර්ජ් ස්ටීවන්ස් මහතාගේ 127 වන ජන්ම සංවත්සරය ජුනි 2 දින සමස්ත ශ්රී ලාංකීය බාලදක්ෂයන් “ස්ටීවන්ස් දිනය” ලෙස මහත්වූ අභිමානයකින් සහ භක්තියකින් මෙම දිනය සිහිකරනු ලබයි. 1891 ජුනි මස 2 දින එංගලන්තයේ, ටාවිස්ටෝක්, ඩෙවොන් හිදී, මෙලොව එළිය දුටු ස්ටීවන්ස් මහතාගේ පින්වත් දෙමාපියන් වුයේ ලැම්බර්ට් ස්ටීවන්ස් මහත්මා සහ මහත්මියයි. ඇත්තෙන්ම ඔහුන් එදා බිඳක් හෝ නොසිතන්නට ඇත ඔහුන්ගේ පුත් කුමරා දිනක ළමා ලෝකයේ වීරයා වූ ඉංග්රීසින්ගේ ජීවිතවල ජීවමාන ජාතික වීරයා වූ, මැෆකින් වීරයා වන ලුතිනන් ජෙනරාල් බෙඩන් පවල්ගේ ළමුන් සහ තරුණයන් සඳහා වන ලොව ශ්රේෂ්ඨතම ව්යාපාරයේ පුරාවෘත්තයක් වනු ඇතැයි කියා.
අපගේ ආදීකතෘ BP තුමන්ට වඩා ස්ටීවන්ස් මහතා වසර 34කින් වයසින් බාලය. එදා BP නැමති සුපිරි රණකාමියාගේ වීරත්වයට ආකර්ශණය වී තම ජීවමාන වීරයා ලෙස ඔහුව සැලකු බෞතරයක්වූ ඉංග්රීසින් අතර ස්ටීවන්ස් නැමැති නව යොවුන් වියේ තරුණයාද සිටි බව මගේ විශ්වාසයයි.එදා අද මෙන් රිදී තීරය මත මවන ලද වීරයන් නොමැති සමාජයක් විය, ඉංග්රීසි හමුදා බ්රිතාන්යය කිරීටයට, අභිමානයට අන් දේශයන් යටත් කරගැනීම සඳහා කල වික්රමයන් නිරතුරුවම පුවත්පත් හරහා සමාජගත කෙරුණු අතර එහිදී ළමුන්ගේ සහ තරුණ තරුණියන්ගේ අවධානය දැඩිව දිනාගත් BP තුමා සහ ඔහුගේ යුධ ක්රමවේදයන් කෙරෙහි එවකට නව යොවුන් වියේ සිටි ස්ටීවන්ස් මහතාගේ සිතද ඇදි යන්නට ඇති අතර එම පැහැදීම සහ එංගලන්ත සමාජයේ දරුවන්ගේ ජීවිතවලට ඔහු විසින් රචිත Aids to Scouting, (ඔත්තු සේවයට ආධාර ) සහ Scouting for Boys ( බාලදක්ෂ විද්යාව) වැනි කෘතිය හරහා ඇති කල ධනාත්මක බලපෑම පසු කාලයේදී මෙලස බාලදක්ෂ ව්යාපාරය හා බැඳී කටයුතු කරන්නට ඔහුව පොළඹවන්නට ඇතැයි සිතිය හැක.
ශ්රී ලංකාවට බාලදක්ෂ ව්යාපාරය හඳුන්වා දීම
1903 දී BP තුමන් අප්රිකාවේ යුද සේවය අවසන් කොට යලි එංගලන්තයට ළමුන්ගේ වීරයා වී පැමිණෙන විට , ඔහු විසින් තම යුද හමුදාමය අත්දැකීම් ඇසුරෙන් ලියා පළකරනලද Aids to Scouting කෘතිය ප්රබලව සාමාජගත වි තිබු අතර එය එදා ඉංග්රීසි සාමාජයේ වැඩිම අලෙවියක් පෙන්වූ කෘතියක්ද විය, මෙම කෘතිය එදා 12 හැවිරිදි ස්ටීවන්ස් සිසුවාද පරිශීලනය කරන්නට ඇති අතර පසුකාලයේදී මෙලස බාලදක්ෂ ක්රියාකාරකම් කෙරෙහි සහ BP තුමන් කෙරෙහි විශේෂිත ඇල්මක් දක්වන්නට එය බලපාන්නට ඇත. නමුත් කිසි දිනක ඔහු එංගලන්තයේදී බාලදක්ෂයෙකු ලෙස කටයුතු කල බවට හෝ ප්රායෝගික පුහුණුවක් ලැබු බවට ප්රසිද්ධ තොරතුරු නැත. තමා උපන් බාලදක්ෂ ව්යාපාරයේ මාතෘ භූමියේදී කිසිදිනෙක බාලදක්ෂ ව්යාපාරයේ පහස නොලද ස්ටීවන්ස් මහතා වර්ෂ 1911දී 20 හැවිරිදි තරුණ ඉංජිනේරුවෙක් ලෙස ප්රසිද්ධ වැඩ දෙපාර්තමේන්තුවේ සේවය සඳහා එවකට බ්රිතාන්ය අධිරාජ්ය යටතේ පාලනය වූ එදා සිලෝන් ලෙස හැඳින්වූ ශ්රී ලංකාවට පැමිණීම මෙරටට බාලදක්ෂ ජීවය එන්නත් කිරීමට දෛවය විසින් සැලසුම් කරන ලද්දකි.
මෙරටට පැමිණ මාතලේ නගරයේ ස්ථානගත වෙමින් දිස්ත්රීක් ඉංජිනේරු කාර්යාලයේදී , දිස්ත්රීක් ඉන්ජිනේරුවෙකු ලෙස තම සේවා කටයුතු කරගෙන ගිය ස්ටීවන්ස් මහතාට බාලදක්ෂ කටයුතු ඇරඹීමේ අදහස ඇතිවීම සැබවින්ම අපේ වාසනාවකි. ඒවනවිට ලොවට බාලදක්ෂ ව්යාපාරය හඳුන්වා දී වසර 5කට ( 1907 අගෝස්තු 01) ආසන්න කාලයක් ගත වී තිබුනද , අපේ අයෙකුට එය මෙරටට හදුන්වාදීමේ “දැඩි” හුවමනාවක් නොතිබුණු බවයි මගේ හැඟීම, එදා ඉංග්රීසින් යටතේ පාලනය වූ අපට මෙවැනි දේවල් සඳහා අත ගැසීම තත්වය තවත් සංකීර්ණ කරනු ඇතැයි සිතෙන්නට ඇත.
ප්රථම බාලදක්ෂ කණ්ඩායම
කෙසේ නමුත් ඉංග්රීසින් අපට ලබා දුන් හොඳ දෑ අතර බාලදක්ෂ ව්යාපාරය යනු උතුම්ම දෙය යැයි කිවහොත් බෞතරයක් ඔබ මාත් සමග එකඟ වනු ඇත. ඒ 1912 වසරයි. මෙරට බාලදක්ෂ ව්යාපාරය උපන් වසරයි, එහි මවත් පියත් වුයේ අපේ ආදරණිය ස්ටීවන්ස්තුමා හෙවත් එෆ්. ජී . ස්ටීවන්ස් මහතාය. මෙම කටයුත්ත පාසැල් මුලීක කර ගනිමින් කිරීමේ වැදගත් කම පැවති සමාජය අධ්යනය කිරීමෙන් වටහා ගත් නිසාදෝ මෙතුමා එය තම කාර්යාලය සහ තම නිල නිවස ( ස්ටීවන්ස් බංගලාව) ආසන්නයේම පිහිටි ක්රිස්තුදේව විදුහලෙන් ඇරඹීම තමාට පහසුවක් නිසා හැඟුණු නිසාදෝ, ඒ පිළිබඳව එවකට ක්රිස්තුදේව විදුහලේ ගරු විදුහල්පති ඩී . අල්ෆ්රෙඩ් ජයසිංහ මහතා සමග කරුණු හුවමාරු කරමින් , සකාච්ජා කර ඒතුමන්ගේ කැමැත්ත සහ අවසරය ලබා ගත්තේය. එ අනුව විදුහල්පතිතුමා ස්ටීවන්ස් මහතාට තම පාසැලට පැමිණ දරැවන්ව අමතන්නට ආරාධනා කල අතර නියම කරගත් දිනකදි විදුහලේ ගුරු මණ්ඩලය සහ දරුවන් මුණ ගැසිමට ගිය ස්ටීවන්ස් මහතා BP තුමා පිළිබඳවත් බාලදක්ෂ ව්යාපාරයේ සහ පුහුණුවේ වැදගත්කම පිළිබඳවත් එතෙක් තමා රුස්කර ගත් දැනුම හරහා දරුවන්ට කාවදින අයුරින් කතා කල එතුමන්ට දරුවන්ගේ අකාර්ශණය පහසුවෙන්ම දිනාගැනීමට හැකිවිය. දරුවන් තුල ඇතිවු උනන්දුව එ මොහොතෙම කිහිපදෙනෙකුව බාලදක්ෂ ව්යාපාරය හා එකතු විමට පොළඹවන ලදී. විදුහල්පතිතුමන්ගේ සොහෝයුරා වු එම විදුහලේ ගුරැ මණ්ඩලයෙම සේවය කල චාල්ස් ජයසිංහ මහතාව එම කණ්ඩායමේ බාලදක්ෂ ආචාර්යවරයා ලෙස පත්කල අතර ආර්. බී. කොටුවෙගෙදර, ආර්. බී කපුවත්ත, බී. නඩරාජා, එ.එම්. හමිඩ් , එම්. සහබ්දින්, ජෝන් කරුණාරත්න සහ පීටර් බෝලිං යන බහු ආගමික සිසුන් මෙරට ප්රථම බාලදක්ෂ කණ්ඩායමේ සාමාජිකයන් විය.
අපගේ 3වන යටත් වීජිත කොමසාරිස්වරයා වන වරනන් ග්රෙනියර් මහතා ලංකා බාලදක්ෂ සංගමයේ ස්වර්ණ ජයන්ති සමරු කාලාපය හරහා පවසන පරිදි ” ඔහු ( ස්ටිවන්ස් මහතා) මෙම කාරයය කිසිදු ගරුගාම්භීර ප්රසිද්ධියක් නොමැතිව සිදුකළ අතර ඔහුගේ මෙම පුරෝගාමි පරිශ්රමය පිළිබඳ මාස ගණනාවක් යන තුරුත් එම දිස්ත්රීක්කයෙන් බැහැරව දැන සිටියේ ඉතා ස්වල්ප දෙනෙකි. ” නමුත් එම මුල් බාලදක්ෂ කණ්ඩායමට එවකට ඉංග්රීසි ආණ්ඩුවේ සිවිල් සහ යුධ නිලධරයන් බොහෝමයකගේ සහය ලැබුණු බව ක්රිස්තුදේව විදුහල් මුල් බාලදක්ෂයින්ගේ ලිපි වල දැක්වේ.
පසුව කොළඹ දිසාව පුරාවටත් කොළඹින් පිටතටත් බාලදක්ෂ ව්යාපාරය ගලාගෙන යෑම ක්රමානුකුලව ස්ටීවන්ස් මහතාගේ අධික්ෂණය සහ මගපෙන්විම යටතේ සිදුවින. 1815 සිට 1948 තෙක් සිලෝන් හෙවත් අද ශ්රී ලංකාව බ්රිතාන්ය කිරීටයේ යටත් විජීත පාලනයට ලක්ව පැවැති බව අපි සැම දනිමු. එ අනුව මෙරට පරිපාලන කටයුතු සිදුකලේ බ්රිතාන්යය භාවිතයන්ට සහ ක්රමවේදයන්ට අනුවය.
ලෝක බාලදක්ෂ නායක BP තුමන් 1914දී සිලෝන් හෙවත් ශ්රී ලංකාව බ්රිතාන්ය බාලදක්ෂ සංගමයේ ශාඛාවක් ලෙස පිළිගනිමින් ස්ටීවන්ස් මහතාව බ්රිතාන්යය බාලදක්ෂ සංගමයේ සිලෝන් ශාඛාවේ ප්රථම යටත් විජීත කොමසාරිස්වරයා ලෙස පත්කරන ලද අතර එ අනුව මෙරට ප්රථම ප්රධාන කොමසාරිස්වරා වන්නෙද ඔහුය.
( 1948දී ඉංග්රීසින්ගෙන් නිදහස ලබාගැනීමෙන් අනතුරුව යටත් විජීත කොමසාරිස් තනතුරු ” ප්රධාන කොමසාරිස්” ලෙස භාවිතා කරන ලදී)
මෙම කාල සමයේදි බාලදක්ෂ ව්යාපාරය පිළිබඳව සාමාජය දැනුවත් කිරිමේ අවශ්යතාවය දැඩිව දැනුණු අතර බාලදක්ෂ දෙමාපියන් හැරුණු කොට එ පිළිබඳව සාමාන්ය ජනතාවට එතරම් දැනීමක් නොතිබුණු බැවින් පුවත්පත් හරහා ප්රචාරක කටයුතු සිදු කිරීම කාලීනව අත්යවශ්ය විය, ස්ටීවන්ස් යටත් විජීත කොමසාරිස්තුමා විසින් The Ceylon Scout ( සිලෝන් බාලදක්ෂයා) පුවත්පත ප්රකාශයට පත්කල අතර එ සඳහා වටිනා ලිපී සැපයීම සාමාජයේ ඉහළ තැන්වල සිටි ප්රසිද්ධ ලේඛකයන් අතින් සිදුවින.තවද Ceylon Independent ( සිලෝන් ඉන්ඩිපෙන්ඩන්ට්) පත්රිකාවේ බාලදක්ෂ කටයුතු උදෙසා පුවත් තීරයක් සතිපතා ලබා ගැනීමට ස්ටීවන්ස් මහතාට හැකිවිය.
මේ කාලයෙදි පලමු වන ලෝක යුද්ධය ආරම්භ වී තිබීම (1914 ජුනී 28 දින ඇරඹින) නිසා යුධ රාජකාරි යටතේ රාජකීය නාවීක හමුදාවට සම්බන්ධව සේවය කිරීමට ස්ටීවන්ස් මහතාව කැඳවීම නිසා පිටව ගිය අතර යුද්ධයත් සමග ලොවපුරා බාලදක්ෂ කටයුතු තරමක් සෙමින් සිදුවු නමුදු එය ව්යාපාරයේ පැවැත්මට බලපෑමක් නොකලේය. 1917 වසරේදි ස්ටීවන්ස් මහතා බාලදක්ෂ ව්යාපාරයට කරන ලද සුවිශේෂි දායකත්වය සහ උත්කෘෂ්ඨ සේවය ඇගහීමට ලක්කර BP තුමන් විසින් ස්ටීවන්ස් මහතාට රිදී වෘකයා ( Silver Wolf ) සම්මානය ප්රදානය කරන ලදි. එය අපේ රටේ බාලදක්ෂ කටයුතු වෙනුවෙන් කැපවුණු පුද්ගලයෙකුට The Scout Association විසින් දෙනු ලැබු පලමු රිදී වෘකයා සම්මානයයි. 1919 වසරේදි එවකට 28 හැවිරිදි ස්ටීවන්ස් තරුණ යටත් විජීත කොමසාරිස්තුමා ගැලඩි ක්රාක්වෙල් මෙනවිය සමග විවාහ වි 1920 වසරේදි යලි මෙරටට තම බිරිඳ සමග පැමිණි යලිත් වෘත්තිය කටයුතු වල සහ ක්රියාශිලිව බාලදක්ෂ කටයුතු වල නිරතවිය. රටින් පිටව සිටින විටත් යටත් විජීත කොමසාරිස්වරයා ලෙස කටයුතු කරමින් ව්යාපාරයේ දියුණුවට කටයුතු කල මෙතුමා ස්ටීවන්ස් යුගයේදි මෙරටට පෝතක අංශය හඳුන්වා දිමත් (1916) මානවක අංශය හඳුන්වාදිමත් ( 1920) මුහුදු බාලදක්ෂ අංශය හඳුන්වා දිමත් ( 1918) 1921 දී සිදු කෙරැණු බී.පි තුමන්ගේ ප්රථම සිලෝන් චාරිකාව වැනි සිදුවිම් කැපිපෙනෙ.
1922 තම යටත් විජීත කොමසාරිස්ධුරයට සමුදුන් ස්ටීවන්ස් මහතා දිගටම කටයුතු සාර්ථක කරගන්න තම දායකත්වය ලබා දුන් අතර 1939 සංගමයේ සභාපති ලෙස පත්ව ගෞවරනීය ගිහි සේවයක් සිදුකල අතර මේ කාලයේදිම එතුමන්ව සම්මානිත ප්රධාන කොමසාරිස් ලෙස ගෞරවයට පත්කරන ලදී. 1940 ජුලී 30දින සම්මානිත ප්රධාන කොමසාරිස් ලෙස ස්ටීවන්ස් මහතා තමා විසින් ශ්රී ලංකාවට බාලදක්ෂ ව්යාපාරය ක්රිස්තුදේව විදුහල් සමුහය නැරඹිමට ගිය අතර එහිදි එම විදුහල් ලොග් පොතේ අත්සන් සහිත සටහාන් තබා ඇත. එදිනම තබන ලද ලෝග් සටහනකින් කියවෙන්නෙ එතුමාට ගෞරව පිණිස එදින විදුහල වසා මුලු විදුහලම අමතා කතා කිරිමට එතුමාට අවස්ථාව ලබාදී ඇති බවය.
1945 වන විට වසර 33ක් බාලදක්ෂ කටයුතු සඳහා කැපකර තිබු මෙතුමා එම සම්පුර්ණ කාලයම බාලදක්ෂ ව්යාපාරය හරහා මව්බිමේ තරුණ ජීවිතවල සංවර්ධනය සඳහා වෙහෙසුනු උසස් මනසකින් යුත් මානව දයාවෙන් පිරි සුදු මහතෙකු විය. ඔහු එ උදෙසා කැපකල ධනය සහ ශ්රාමය අමිලය. මෙරටට බාලදක්ෂ කටයුතු හඳුන්වා දුන් යුගයේදි එයට අවැසිවු නිල ඇඳුම් ඇතුලු සියලුම අවශ්යතාවයන් සපයන ලද්දෙ එතුමන්ගේ පෞද්ගලික ධනයෙන් බව අපට පහසුවෙන්ම උපකල්පනය කලහැක. එය පුංචි නිදසුනක් පමණි. මෙරට බාලදක්ෂ ව්යාපාරය අද පවතින තත්වය කරා පැමිණි ගමනෙදි ස්ටීවන්ස් නාමය වු කලී එහි සෙලවිය නොහැකි පදනමයි.
1945දී තම 54 වියේදි සේවයෙන් විශ්රාම ගෙන තම රටට ගියේ අපේ ලොකයේ විරයෙකු ලෙසය. ඉන් පසුව එතුමන් පිළිබඳව බාලදක්ෂ කටයුතු වල නියැලිම සම්බන්ධයෙන් සැලකිය යුතු තොරතුරක් වර්ථා නොවන අතර 1961 නොවැම්බර් මස ඩෙවෝන් හි සිට 1962 වසරේදි මෙරට සමරන ලද ලංකා බාලදක්ෂ සංගමයේ ස්වර්ණ ජයන්ති සමරු කලාපය සදහා තම සුභ පැතුම් එක් කරන ලදි. එහින් පැහැදිලිවම පෙන්වා දෙන්නේ 70 වියේදිත් එතුමන් සමාන්ය පරිදි ජීවත්වු බවයි. නමුත් එතුමන් ස්වර්ගස්ථවු දිනයක් පිළිබඳව පැහැදිලි තොරතුරක් දක්නට නොමැත.
Once a Scout, Always a Scout!
“Scout Scarf Day” on August 1 is that all active and former scouts are requested to wear their scout scarfs in public to make the “Spirit of Scouting” visible: Once a Scout – Always a Scout! The date of the event commemorates the very first Scout Camp on Brownsea Island in 1907. Of course, the scarf is only a symbol but a strong symbol for the scout promise and for our mission to leave the world as a bit better a place than we had found it.
Scouts’ Day or Guides’ Day is a generic term for special days observed by members of the Scouting movement throughout the year. Some of these days have religious significance, while others may be a simple celebration of Scouting. Typically, it is a day when all members of Scouting will re-affirm the Scout Promise.
Be proud to be a Scout on World Scout Scarf Day! On the 1st of August Scouts and former Scouts stand together and wear their Scout scarves in public to make the “Spirit of Scouting” visible.
Take a selfie of yourself and/or your friends wearing their scarves in a public place!
email the image to email@example.com by the 1st of August 2018 – Ref Scout Scarf Selfie + name. Give us your name, age, Scout Group, parent or Scouter’s cell number and email address. The selfies may be used by Scouting Magazine our team to promote SCOUTING Sri Lanka, so make sure that your parents are okay with us putting the photo online!
Are you a Scout Alumni? Once a Scout – Always a Scout! Wear your Scarf and be Proud to be a Scout! Let’s have some FUN, show SA that the Scouting adventure is alive and active in communities nationwide!
අභිමානය සිහිපත් කිරීම
සුරතලාට ද කරලේන්සුවක්
World Animal Day is an international day of action for animal rights and welfare celebrated annually on October 4, the feast day of Francis of Assisi, the patron saint of animals.
Throughout history, social movements (mass actions) like World Animal Day, have always been a major vehicle for ordinary people’s participation in politics, and key in fighting for social justice and reform. The lives of animals are profoundly affected by the actions of individuals, businesses, and nations. It’s therefore essential that, as sentient beings, their rightful status as recipients of social justice is established and translated into effective animal protection. World Animal Day embraces all animals and the unique concerns of each, in every country, and makes animals front page news.Through increased awareness and education, we can help develop a compassionate culture which feeds into legal reform and social progress to make this world a fairer place for all living creatures. A world where animals are recognised as sentient beings and full regard is always paid to their welfare. World Animal Day has already brought about a significant and lasting contribution towards advancing animal welfare standards, and its influence will only continue to grow. We regularly receive heart-warming messages from people keen to tell us about what being involved with World Animal Day has helped them achieve and we’d like to share a few of these phenomenal victories with you now.
Brazil will host the 3rd World Scout Education Congress to discuss the development of Scouting’s educational programmes in a rapidly changing world, and strategies to ensure the Movement continues to innovate in non-formal education for young people.
Some 200 experts from around the world will meet in Rio de Janeiro from 7-10 December next year – specialists in non-formal education and representatives of youth development in Scouting. On the agenda will be innovations in education, the inclusion of the Sustainable Development Goals in the Scouting programme and support for volunteers in youth organisations.
The Congress will build on the discussions on education held in Switzerland last year when delegates identified five developments to watch: the trend among schools towards non-formal education, shifting demographics worldwide, migration and urbanisation, the expansion of digital media and globalisation.
Almost one billion people live in mountain areas, and over half the human population depends on mountains for water, food and clean energy. Yet mountains are under threat from climate change, land degradation, over exploitation and natural disasters, with potentially far-reaching and devastating consequences, both for mountain communities and the rest of the world.
Mountain Day refers to three different and unrelated events:
(1) Mountain Day, a student celebration in some colleges in the United States in which classes are cancelled without prior notice, and the student body heads to the mountains or a park,
(2) International Mountain Day, held each year on 11 December, which was established by the UN General Assembly in 2003 to encourage sustainable development in mountains, and
(3) Mountain Day, a national holiday in Japan as of 2016
Mountains are early indicators of climate change and as global climate continues to warm, mountain people — some of the world’s hungriest and poorest — face even greater struggles to survive. The rising temperatures also mean that mountain glaciers are melting at unprecedented rates, affecting freshwater supplies downstream for millions of people. Mountain communities, however, have a wealth of knowledge and strategies accumulated over generations, on how to adapt to climate variability.
Climate change, climate variability and climate-induced disasters, combined with political, economic and social marginalization, increase the vulnerability of mountain peoples to food shortages and extreme poverty. Currently, 1 in 3 people in developing countries is estimated to be vulnerable to food insecurity.
Even though they are mentioned in the 2030 Agenda, mountains are still often forgotten. Considering the crucial role they play in providing key ecosystem goods and services to the planet and their vulnerability in the face of climate change, we need to step up and raise attention to mountains.
- Water as mountains are the world’s ‘water towers’, providing between 60 and 80 percent of all freshwater resources for our planet.
- Disaster Risk Reduction as climatic variations are triggering disasters.
- Tourism as mountain destinations attract around 15-20 percent of global tourism and are areas of important cultural diversity, knowledge and heritage.
- Food as they are important centres of agricultural biodiversity and are home to many of the foods that come to our table, such as rice, potatoes, quinoa, tomatoes and barley.
- Youth as despite the beautiful landscapes, life in the mountains can be tough, particularly for rural youth.
- Indigenous Peoples as many mountain areas host ancient indigenous communities that possess and maintain precious knowledge, traditions and languages.
- Biodiversity as half of the world’s biodiversity hotspots are concentrated in mountains and mountains support approximately one-quarter of terrestrial biological diversity
Robert Baden-Powell, founder of the Boy Scouts, died 8 January 1941
1st Baron Baden-Powell, OM, GCMG, GCVO, KCB, DL (22 February 1857 – 8 January 1941) was a British Army officer, writer, founder and first Chief Scout of the world-wide Boy Scout Movement, and founder, with his sister Agnes, of the world-wide Girl Guide / Girl Scout Movement. Baden-Powell authored the first editions of the seminal work Scouting for Boys, which was an inspiration for the Scout Movement.
After having been educated at Charterhouse School in Surrey, Baden-Powell served in the British Army from 1876 until 1910 in India and Africa. In 1899, during the Second Boer War in South Africa, Baden-Powell successfully defended the town in the Siege of Mafeking. Several of his military books, written for military reconnaissance and scout training in his African years, were also read by boys. In 1907, he held a demonstration camp, the Brownsea Island Scout camp, which is now seen as the beginning of Scouting. Based on his earlier books, particularly Aids to Scouting, he wrote Scouting for Boys, published in 1908 by Sir Arthur Pearson, for boy readership. In 1910 Baden-Powell retired from the army and formed The Boy Scouts Association.
The first Scout Rally was held at The Crystal Palace in 1909, at which appeared a number of girls dressed in Scout uniform, who told Baden-Powell that they were the “Girl Scouts”, following which, in 1910, Baden-Powell and his sister Agnes Baden-Powell formed the Girl Guides from which the Girl Guides Movement grew. In 1912 he married Olave St Clair Soames. He gave guidance to the Scouting and Girl Guiding Movements until retiring in 1937. Baden-Powell lived his last years in Nyeri, Kenya, where he died and was buried in 8th January 1941. His gravestone bears a circle with a dot in the centre “ʘ”
The Day of January 8th
this day celebrate the connection between Scouting and our faith-based chartered partners. Some Scouts and leaders will honor these days by wearing the full field uniform to worship services. In other units, a worship leader presents religious awards to recipients. In still others, the pack, troop, crew or ship conducts a service project that benefits the religious organization. this Scouts’ Day or Guides’ Day is a generic term for special days observed by members of the Scouting movementthroughout the year. Some of these days have religious significance, while others may be a simple celebration of Scouting. Typically, it is a day when all members of Scouting will re-affirm the Scout Promise.
Whilst “scouting” for pictures of the Boy Scout Memorial for the last post, we came across this picture of Lord Robert Baden-Powell (and wife Olave’s) gravestone. Note the circle with the dot inside; ostensibly this is the traditional Boy Scout trail sign for “I have gone home.” The creator aspect of Ra, symbolised by the sun at mid-noon, was in ancient times known as Aten. Aten was written as a dot enclosed by a circle in Egyptian hieroglyphics. The monument incorporates the Aten-hieroglyph by allowing the sun to shine through an aperture in the sky dome. Looking upwards at mid noon, the aperture is visible as a backlit dot inside the circular sky dome. At 12:00am on 16 December the sun is projected as a disc-dot onto the cenotaph stone. Looking down from the top dome, the floor aperture in the Hall of Heroes is once again seen to encircle the disc, as the sun’s rays strike the cenotaph stone. Moerdijk’s message as implied by the interior design is: through exodus out of the British Cape Colony, God has created a new African civilization inland.
Laws of Silence
Taking that quote out of order we see that:Based on Moerdijk’s reference to the watery floor of the Hall of Heroes, as well as his statement about old Egypt, the opening in the water-floor can be identified with the watery abyss, as in the creation theology of ancient African civilization. Rising out of this watery abyss, was the primeval mound, the Benben stone.
Honorable Scout Salutation FB Page
‘I have gone home’ , “Gone home” is a Scouting symbol when someone has passed away. For many generations before ours, trail markers were used to safely guide travellers in the right direction while on the trail. One had to keep a keen eye, as trail markers could be many things; arranged stones, sticks or grass, plumes of wood smoke or carved markers in trees. There are many variations throughout the world, with some adapting their own marks to suit their environment, and themselves. Although somewhat different, they were all used for the same reasons—–To mark the trail……to show the way……to guide. There is one symbol that is universal. A dot surrounded by a larger circle…….This trail marker means “End of Trail–Gone Home” Some feel life itself is best described as a trail, for it has a beginning, and end, and many turns and bends along the way…..Life is funny in that way. This fb “ʘ” page is dedicated to those Members of our Group who have reached the end of their trail, and have gone home.
It has become traditional over the past century for scouts who pass away to have been described as “gone home” this is shown using the native american tracking sign below.
HOW TO OBSERVE SCOUT SALUTATION DAY
The anniversary of a death can be a time for quiet and simple contemplation, or for family gatherings, fellowship and remembrance. Whether you feel it’s significant to mark your loved one’s life on the anniversary of their death, or an occasion such as their birthday, the way you choose to acknowledge the death of a loved one can change with every passing year. Sometimes also known by people who’ve been bereaved as a ‘sadiversary’ or ‘angelversary’, there are many things to do in memory of someone who has died as a scout Hero. Here’s how to acknowledge the anniversary of a death.
- Visit their final resting place – Taking time to remember at your loved one’s grave may be something that you’ve been doing since their one year death anniversary. If you scattered their ashes in a place that was special to them, a trip there could be part of a day spent with other people who loved them and include a picnic with their favourite food and drink.
- Do a good turn for someone else – The Boy Scouts are based on the idea of doing good deeds. Celebrate National Boy Scouts Day by helping someone in need, donating to a good cause or simply committing a random act of kindness.
- Release Butterflies/Birds what ever who in cage – “The butterfly counts not months, but moments – and has time enough,” wrote the poet Rabindranath Tagore. For many people, butterflies are a beautiful symbol of hope and renewal. On someone’s death anniversary, a butterfly release can be a wonderful tribute. You can buy native butterflies bred specially for release on occasions such as a memorial, birthday or angelversary from a number of specialists via mail order.
- Play their favourite song – Music is incredibly evocative and certain tunes can make us catch our breath or transport our memories back to special moments in time. Listen to their song on the day you mark their death anniversary; over a glass of wine while you write, by special request on a radio show, or as part of a playlist in a get together with friends – and maybe even sing along.
- Hold a special remembrance ceremony – If faith was an important part of your loved one’s life and brings comfort, your cleric or celebrant may be happy to arrange for a ceremony to mark their death anniversary, or to include prayers for them in the week’s service. Formal secular occasions to mark the anniversary of their death could include a prize-giving, a celebration of life sevice with words and readings or even a tree-planting ceremony.
- Express loving sentiments with flowers – Be inspired by the language of flowers to make a beautiful bouquet to lay by your loved one’s resting place, or to send to a hospice in their memory on the anniversary of their death. The Victorians created an entire lexicography to express sentimental thoughts through popular garden flowers, while ‘The Spirit of the Woods’ devised the Australian language of flowers in 1867. As well as being the floral emblem of New South Wales, the beautiful Waratah means ‘remembrance in absence.’
- Shine a light – It’s traditional to light a candle in memory of someone, whether in a place of worship, or at home as you quietly contemplate. On the anniversary of someone’s death, you could create their name or initials in tealights on the family dinner table, or choose a scented candle with a fragrance that brings memories back. If it’s an occasion for celebrating their memory as well as reflecting on their loss, you could even light up the night sky with fireworks and spell out their name in stars.
- Create a memorial – Memories can grow more precious as the years go by and they are also a wonderful legacy to hand down to children and grandchildren.
- Go memorial Camping /Hiking /Rally- Camping is an important part of being a Boy Scout and a great way to celebrate National Boy Scouts Day. Camping helps develop self-reliance and resourcefulness and promotes feelings of wellness from being surrounded by nature. So, gather the family or a few friends, load up the car or truck with your tents and sleeping bags and head to the nearest camping site.
A Young Man’s Gift
God seems to have a chosen way of taking those so young into his hands to walk with him, yet leaving their lives undone.
To us it seems so selfish yet we try to think of hope, sometimes all that we can do is remember, cry and cope.
God had a plan that chosen day and took time to prepare, a way that he could take that life, yet be thoughtful, just and fair.
Although our thoughts are of him still, we think of days gone by, he’s walking now with God you see, in Valhalla way up high.
He helps in ways he learned through us, he shares our ways and dreams. God knows his choice was the perfect one, but only Brent knows what he means.
There’ll be a day for all of us when our judgement day arrives, we’ll stand before that mighty man who created all our lives.
He’ll welcome us with open arms, he’ll have all he needs to know, “Scouting molds a fine strong man, Brent Markos told me so”.
So if you dream of what’s up there in that world away so far, there’s someone who’ll remember you, and has told him who you are.
* This Concept and FB Page Run By Sri Lanka Scouting Magazine.
JANUARY 24, 1908
British Army officer Robert Baden-Powell publishes the first installment of Scouting for Boys, and the local troops that soon formed around its lessons became the foundation of the Boy Scouts movement. Baden-Powell, a war hero for his service in South Africa, had written earlier manuals for British soldiers that proved popular with younger readers.
Scouting for Boys (බාලදක්ෂ විද්යාව) Written by Robert Baden-Powell, Lieutenant General in the British Army and founder of the international Scouting movement, Scouting for Boys is one of the most influential manuals for youth ever published. First printed in 1908, it remains an all-time bestseller in the English-speaking world, second only to the Bible. The original blueprint and “self-instructor” of the Boy Scout Movement, Scouting for Boys is a fascinating fusion of “yarns and pictures,” an irresistible mixture of nationalistic narrative, tracker legend, and quotations from Baden-Powell’s own autobiography and the popular adventure fiction of Rudyard Kipling, James Fenimore Cooper, and Alexander Dumas. The book provides practical advice on lighting fires, building boats and stalking animals, alongside proper Victorian-era education on chivalry and manners, self-discipline and improvement, and above all, good citizenship. Expounding upon the topics intrinsic to the life of a scout tracking, woodcraft, camp life, endurance, patriotism, and more this classic is essential for anyone interested in popular culture and the history of scouting and youth education. Ninety original diagrams and illustrations enhance the text.
Scouting for Boys: A handbook for instruction in good citizenship is a book on Boy Scout training, published in various editions since 1908. Early editions were written and illustrated by Robert Baden-Powell with later editions being extensively rewritten by others. The book was originally a manual for self-instruction in observation, tracking and woodcraft skills as well as self-discipline and self-improvement, about the Empire and duty as citizens with an eclectic mix of anecdotes and unabashed personal observations and recollections. It is pervaded by a degree of moral proselytizing and references to the author’s own exploits. It is based on his boyhood experiences, his experience with the Mafeking Cadet Corps during the Second Boer War at the Siege of Mafeking, and on his experimental camp on Brownsea Island, England.
Scouting for Boys (1908) was Baden-Powell’s rewrite of his earlier book Aids to Scouting (1899) with many youth training ideas openly taken from The Birch Bark Roll of the Woodcraft Indians (1906) written by Ernest Thompson Seton, who later became the Chief Scout of the Boy Scouts of America. Aids to Scouting was mostly a written explanation of the military scouting and self-reliance skills lessons Baden-Powell had learned from Frederick Russell Burnham, the British Army Chief of Scouts, but following the siege of Mafeking this military handbook unexpectedly became popular with many youth groups and educators, like Charlotte Mason, in Britain. At Mafeking, Baden-Powell’s adjutant had recruited and trained boys aged 12–15 as cadets and during the siege they acted as postmen, messengers, and later to carry the wounded, to free men for fighting. Upon his return to England, following the Second Boer War, Baden-Powell learned some British schools had been using Aids to Scouting to teach observation and deduction. In 1906, Seton discussed youth training ideas with Baden-Powell and shared with him a copy of The Birch Bark Roll of the Woodcraft Indians. Soon after, Baden-Powell decided to revise Aids to Scouting into a book for boys. Several friends supported Baden-Powell, including Sir William Alexander Smith, founder of the Boys’ Brigade, Cyril Arthur Pearson, who owned newspapers and printing presses, and the novelist Maria Fetherstonhaugh, who provided a quiet Wimbledon house where he could write. Baden-Powell wrote a draft, then called Boy Patrols, which he used and tested with 22 boys for one week at camp on Brownsea Island in the summer of 1907, where Pearson’s literary editor Percy Everett assisted.
Scouting for Boys was published in six fortnightly instalments of approximately 70 pages each, from January to March 1908. They were produced by Pearson’s printer, Horace Cox. These six publications were a success and, as planned, were issued in book form on 1 May 1908. Although Aids to Scouting strongly influenced the book, Scouting for Boys presents Scouting from the perspective of outdoorsmen and explorers rather than military men, and it adds the Scout Oath, Scout Law, honours and games for youth. The book was revised and an enormous variety of editions were published. Many of these editions were edited by others and, far beyond mere editing, whole sections were written by authors other than Baden-Powell. The book was a best seller upon release, and, in its various editions, is claimed to have become one of the best-selling books in history. Scouting for Boys has been translated into many languages. In 1948, editions of the book were still selling 50,000 copies annually. Only in 1967 was a decline noted by the publisher and in the last decades of the 20th century the book came to be seen as a period curiosity even by the Scout Movement. It is claimed to be the fourth bestselling book of the 20th century. A realistic estimate is that approximately 4 million copies of the UK edition have been sold. Extrapolating this to 87 different language editions worldwide, historic world sales of Scouting for Boys can be estimated at 100 to 150 million copies since 1908.
The Standing Committee of the Ramsar Convention on Wetlands approved the themes for World Wetlands Day as follows:
- Wetlands and Climate Change, theme for 2019
- Wetlands and Biodiversity, theme for 2020
- Wetlands and Water, theme for 2021
World Wetlands Day is celebrated every year on 2 February. This day marks the date of the adoption of the Convention on Wetlands on 2 February 1971, in the Iranian city of Ramsar on the shores of the Caspian Sea. Since 1997, the Ramsar Secretariat has provided outreach materials to help raise public awareness about the importance and value of wetlands.
Half of humanity about 4 billion people live in urban areas today. By 2050 that proportion will reach 66% as people move to cities in search of jobs and a vibrant social life. Cities account for around 80% of global economic output. As cities expand and demand for land increases, the tendency is to encroach on wetlands, they are degraded, filled in and built upon. Yet when left intact or restored, urban wetlands make cities liveable:
Wetlands act as giant sponges that absorb flood waters. Rivers, ponds, lakes and marshes soak up and store heavy rainfall. In coastal cities, saltmarshes and mangroves work as a buffer against storm surges.
Replenish drinking water
Groundwater aquifers, rainwater and rivers are the source of almost all drinking water. Wetlands filter the water that seeps into aquifers, helping to replenish this important water source. Protecting rivers and limiting harmful run-off also helps safeguard the water supply.
Filter waste and improve water quality
The silt-rich soil and abundant plants in wetlands function as water filters, which absorb some harmful toxins, agricultural pesticides and industrial waste. Urban wetlands also help treat sewage from households.
Improve urban air quality
Wetlands radiate moist air thanks to their high water levels and lush plant life. This naturally cools the air in the local surroundings; a relief both in tropical cities and in extremely dry climates.
Promote human well-being
When preserved as green spaces in cities, wetlands offer residents a space for recreation and access to diversity of plant and animal life. Studies confirm that interacting with nature reduces stress and improves our health.
Enable people to earn a living
Many types of fish spawn and breed in wetlands, making them popular fishing grounds. Wetlands provide reeds and grasses for weaving, medicinal plants and fruits; all valuable goods for local residents. Wetlands also attract tourism, another important source of jobs.
What are urban wetlands?
Wetlands are land areas that are flooded with water, either seasonally or permanently. Urban wetlands are found in and around cities or their suburbs. They include rivers and their flood plains, lakes, and swamps as well as coastal variants such as salt marshes, mangroves and coral reefs.
22 February, we recall our Scouting adventures, meet our Scouting friends, proudly wear our scarves and celebrate the great diversity of our worldwide Movement. Today is also a time for us to renew our Scout Promise and our commitment to creating a better world.
We should be in no doubt that Baden-Powell would be very proud of us. We have been Growing Together for more than 111 years and, today, reach more than 50 million young people worldwide with an ambition to double that number by 2023. We certainly have plenty of reasons to celebrate.
The Founder believed Scouting helps young people by providing opportunities for them to look wide, beyond their own needs, to the wider needs of humanity itself. His thoughts are still relevant today. In a world facing burning challenges such as armed conflict, poverty, hunger, climate change and gender inequality, Scouting continues to provide a constructive response by empowering young people to actively contribute in finding solutions to these global challenges by taking action locally.
Scouts worldwide contribute to achieving the Sustainable Development Goals through the simplest of actions: from preventing hunger through growing vegetable gardens, to alleviating street children from poverty through providing vocational training, to promoting gender equality and pledging support to the UN Women HeForShe campaign.
As we share this special day with our friends in Girl Guiding and Girl Scouting who are marking World Thinking Day, let us recommit to working together because by doing so, we can be a stronger force for young women and men everywhere.
Remember, you don’t have to do something big. Great things can start from the humblest of beginnings – just like our remarkable worldwide Movement.
On behalf of World Scouting I wish you all a happy Founder’s Day.
World Thinking Day
In 1926, Girl Guide and Girl Scout delegates from around the globe met in the USA for the 4th World Conference. Among other decisions, they agreed that there should be a special annual day when Girl Guides and Girl Scouts around the world think of each other and express their thanks and appreciation for our international Movement. This was called Thinking Day. The delegates chose 22 February as the date for Thinking Day because it was the birthday of both Lord Baden-Powell, founder of the Boy Scout Movement, and Olave Baden-Powell, who was World Chief Guide.
Six years later in 1932, the 7th World Conference was taking place in Bucze, Poland, when a Belgian delegate pointed out that a birthday usually involves gifts, and so girls could show their appreciation on Thinking Day by offering gifts to our international Movement by fundraising or making a donation.
Olave Baden-Powell wrote a letter to all Girl Guides and Girl Scouts later that year to tell them about this idea and to ask them to spare a penny to help support Girl Guiding and Girl Scouting around the world.
Much later in 1999, at the 30th World Conference in Dublin, Ireland, delegates from around the world decided to change the name of the day from Thinking Day to World Thinking Day, to better emphasise the international aspects of the day.
The fundraising aspect of World Thinking Day that began in 1932 is still an important funding mechanism for WAGGGS today, and it helps to keep the Movement going. Find out more about fundraising and how the World Thinking Day Fund operates.
Take the lead on February 22 to celebrate World Thinking Day with Girl Scouts and Girl Guides from 150 countries! (That’s one big celebration!) Promoted by the World Association of Girl Guides and Girl Scouts (WAGGGS for short) along with Girl Scouts of the USA, World Thinking Day originated in 1926. That’s when delegates from around the globe met at Camp Edith Macy—now called Edith Macy Conference Center—in New York State and agreed that February 22 would henceforth be known as a special day for Girl Guides and Girl Scouts worldwide.
Every year since, World Thinking Day has called for Girl Scouts and Girl Guides to join together and take part in activities that promote changing the world for the better. This year’s World Thinking Day theme isLeadership; check out our activity guides below to explore many different ways girls can be leaders and create the change they want to see in the world—and celebrate being part of the global sisterhood that is Girl Scouts and Girl Guides!
WORLD THINKING DAY THEME – 2019
Take the lead on February 22 to celebrate 2019 World Thinking Day with Girl Scouts and Girl Guides from 150 countries! (That’s one big celebration!) Girls also celebrate World Thinking Day throughout the spring.
Promoted by the World Association of Girl Guides and Girl Scouts (WAGGGS for short) along with Girl Scouts of the USA, World Thinking Day originated in 1926. That’s when delegates from around the globe met at Camp Edith Macy—now called Edith Macy Conference Center—in New York and agreed February 22 would henceforth be known as a special day for Girl Guides and Girl Scouts worldwide.
Every year since, World Thinking Day has called for Girl Scouts and Girl Guides to join together and take part in activities that promote changing the world for the better.
The theme for World Thinking Day in 2019 is leadership!
World Thinking Day Challenge – 2019
World Thinking Day 2019 is dedicated to the group of girls who took the lead in 1909 and demanded Lord Baden-Powell create ‘something for the girls’.
EARN YOUR WORLD THINKING DAY 2019 BADGE IN EASY STEPS:
Step 1. Be prepared to travel through time. Get your group ready by building their time machines
Step 2. Play the game and let the adventure begin! Make sure you experience some of our Lost in Time challenges
Step 3. It’s #TimeToLead! Explore the leadership practices you have collected and build your inspiring leader
Badge and resources
Every year, World Thinking Day has a different theme that Girl Guides and Girl Scouts around the world can learn about and take action on.
You’ll be embarking on an adventure through time. You will learn about the history of our Movement, and practise leadership through the chances and choices of our present and future. Be prepared for an exciting adventure!
Over the next three years, Girl Guides and Girl Scouts will follow a journey through our World Thinking Day themes.
Guides and Girl Scouts are leaders. In 2019, learn the different ways to be a leader and develop the power to bring the change you want to see in the world.
2020: DIVERSITY, EQUITY AND INCLUSION
It’s important that Guiding and Scouting is a safe and inclusive space for all to take part. In 2020, understand the concepts of diversity, equity and inclusion, and what that means for your community.
Use the knowledge and experiences you’ve gained in World Thinking Day 2019 and 2020 activities to take action and change your world. Choose to build peace: be a leader and create environments that include everyone.